1845-Lead ore production in the lead region (Galena, IL area; Dubuque, IA area; and southern Wisconsin), peaked at 54 million pounds, representing more than 80 percent of the nation’s total. Although two floors were removed in 1880, the building still stands today as the oldest operating hotel in Illinois. 1965-Galena became the first community after Springfield to adopt a local historic preservation ordinance, which established a local historic district. Galena River (Fever River) Origin of Galena River, Wisconsin A stream emptying into the Mississippi from the east, on which is the city of Galena, Illinois; now called the Galena River. French explorers visited the region in the late 17th century and found Sauk and Fox Indians mining lead. 1848-Westminister Presbyterian Church was built on South Bench Street. 1868-Grant ran for president. The wood floor on the main level, as well as many windows and doors, were replaced. 1862-Because of Galena’s southern antecedents, divided loyalties sill existed. Ulysses S. Grant Home. Lead was already a trade article with the French. 1893-During the nationwide economic depression, many Galena businesses failed. Grant received election returns in the library of Elihu B. Washburne’s house, now a State Historic Site. Here are a few of the many highlights in Galena’s past. The former Galena Forward Operating Location (FOL) is located on the northern bank of the Yukon River in the City of Galena, approximately 45 miles east of Nulato, 270 miles west of Fairbanks, and 350 miles northwest of Anchorage. During its heyday with 800 or so residents, Galena was the largest community in the Wood River Valley boasting several hotels, stables, a meat market & the Daisy Saloon. It grew rapidly as the regional capital of lead mining, the largest riverboat port north of St Louis, and a prominent brewing … 1874-Turner Hall was built by the Turner Society for various community events and “entertainments of respectable character.”. Jenna A wrote a review Nov 2020. 1690-Frenchman Nicholas Perrot established a trading post on the east side of the Mississippi River opposite the present site of Dubuque, Iowa. 1690-Frenchman Nicholas Perrot established a trading post on the east side of the Mississippi River opposite the present site of Dubuque, Iowa. 1932-Congressman Leo Allen was elected, and began 28 years as the district’s congressman. Galena, Illinois By the middle of the 19th Century, Galena was one of the richest river towns in the Midwest. Galena is Latin for lead sulfide. 1992-January-The main lodge at Eagle Ridge Inn and Resort suffered a major loss due to fire. Our rolling hills, history, 19th century architecture and opportunities for year round outdoor recreation attract nearly a million visitors a year. 1982-A new footbridge opened connecting Grant Park to downtown. Sackett and Co. kilns on Dewey Avenue. 1937-The worst flood in Galena’s history occurred. Felt estate. The building is now an Illinois State Historic Site. The worst Galena fire ever devastated many Main Street buildings. Galena, city, seat (1827) of Jo Daviess county, northwestern Illinois, U.S. Must-visit spots include the Grant Home, The Galena & U.S. Grant Museum, and the DeSoto and Washburne Houses. Blackhawk and his people were defeated at the Battle of Bad Axe, Wisconsin. Also, Clingman’s Pharmacy, previously located on Main Street. Galena is a safe, healthy and vibrant place to raise a family, start a business or enjoy retirement. The Customs House, built to register Upper Mississippi steamboat cargoes, was also the new Post Office. 1 Firehouse is believed to be the oldest firehouse of its type in Illinois. The Galena River was over 200 feet wide. David Sheean was elected Mayor. The river was originally known as "Rivière aux Fèves" and "Bean River" due to the large amounts of wild beans that grew along its banks. One of Galena's most important landmarks, The Steamboat House is a Gothic Revival historic mansion built by steamboat captain Daniel Smith Harris and his wife, Sarah. 211 South Bench Street, Galena, IL 61036, © 2018 Galena History Museum  |  All Right Reserved. (Liz Martin/The Gazette) The Galena River flows near the historic district, providing recreational opportunities for kayaking and stand-up paddle boarding, in Galena on … 1859-The Alexander Jackson home was constructed on Bouthillier Street. Spring thaw and heavy late spring rainfall caused the Galena River and Mississippi River to crest at the highest level ever. our history Grace Church is the oldest Episcopal Church in continuous use in the Diocese of Chicago. It was dedicated as the Frank L. Einsweiler bridge. Daniel Smith Harris’s Grey Eagle, the fastest steamboat on the Upper Mississippi River, sank at Rock Island, Illinois and the captain retired from the steamboat business but stayed active in the Galena business community. History Galena was originally founded as a mining town in 1879. 1823-The Virginia becomes the first steamboat to ascend the upper Mississippi River. 1816-Captain John Shaw of the U.S. Army reported Indians along the Fever River mining lead from the “Buck Lead” north of Galena. Grant went to work in his father’s leather goods store as a clerk for $600 per year. The City of Galena is located in the unglaciated area of Northwest Illinois. Because of its location along the Mississippi River, Galena became an important port stop between St. Paul and St. Louis, allowing the city to blossom. An Episcopal Service was first held on the banks of the Fevre (now, Galena) River in 1826, the year Galena was incorporated as a town. 1830-Galena’s first fire department established. Flood of 1993 was named the Hundred Year Flood. 1890-A lock and dam was built near the mouth of the Galena River, functioning until 1921. Galena’s Democratic administration played a very small roll in the festivities. 1865-Grant returned from the Civil War in triumph and was given a huge reception and home in Galena by prominent Republicans. Map View. Overlooking the banks of the Galena River, the historic town of Galena, Illinois blends the pristine beauty of the Midwestern countryside with a welcoming spirit and endless recreational and cultural pursuits that earned us a place on Forbes Magazine's “Prettiest Towns in America” list and Conde Nast Traveler's “Friendliest Cities in America” rankings. 1857-Ely Parker, part Seneca Indian, was appointed superintendent of construction for the U.S. Customs House and Marine Hospital in Galena. From the origins of Kraft Cheese to one of the earliest African-American churches in Illinois, Galena Country is loaded with stories of yesteryear, making it a cultural cornerstone where past meets present. The name of the river is confusing, because while originally named the Fever River, the state of Illinois (shamed to have a river named after smallpox) renamed it to the Galena River. [3] Following English language code-switching of the French river name "Rivière aux Fèves", the river name was corrupted and was eventually referred to as "Fever River".[3][4]. 1854-The name of Fever River was changed G River by the Illinois State Legislature. For the History. 1994-Judith Gratton became the first woman County Board Chairman. Eventually, we thought it might be time to move on downriver. 1819-Francis Bouthillier took over the deserted Armstrong cabin and established a ferry across the Fever River at the foot of what is now Bouthillier Street. It is now the Tourist Information Center. The service was discontinued in 1981 due to low ridership, poor management, and lack of funds. Following English language code-switching of the French river name "Rivière aux Fèves", the river name was corrupted and was eventually referred to as "Fever River". There was serious damage to main downtown buildings. On the flip side, some old … While not an official historic site, Council Hill Station dates back to the 1850s, … In Michigan the name was changed to Galien River by legislative action in 1829, and presumably the Indiana Galena River tributary has the same etymology. This stage of Turner Hall renovation was completed in June 1992. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Galena River, "ACTS OF FIFTY–SEVENTH CONGRESS June 27, 1902. 1818-John Tyler Armstrong built a cabin on the east bank of the Fever River, probably in the vicinity of the Illinois Central Railroad Depot (Information Center). It rises a few miles above the present city … Among the party was 15-year-old Daniel Smith Harris, destined to become the most prominent steamboat captain on the Upper Mississippi River. The Galena River, also known as Fever River, meanders through the lush scenery of Northern Illinois before winding through Galena’s historic downtown. St. Mary’s Catholic Church was constructed according to the plans of missionary Father Samuel Mazzuchelli. 1996-The Galena/Jo Daviess Chamber of Commerce began a major rehab of the Old Railroad Depot. Galena Country is known for it's well-preserved, 19th-century architecture and Ulysses S. Grant history, but there's even more to discover in this historically amazing destination! His campaign headquarters were located at the DeSoto House. The Coatsworth at one time housed J.R. Grant’s leather shop where Ulysses worked. The Silver Eagle Casino left Frentress Lake near East Dubuque and moved out-of-state. 1824-The U.S. Government appointed Lieutenant Martin Thomas as mine agent to issue leases and collect royalties for the Federal Leadmine District. Toll bridges were built at Bouthillier and Franklin Streets. Put-in near Galena's Main Street which will offer you plenty of opportunities to explore the river on your own, or to take day excursions offered by a … This region was ice-free during the Wisconsin glaciation and underwent hundreds of thousands of years of glacial-free erosion. 1826-Lieutenant Thomas began to lie out streets and lots. Galena, population 470, is located west of the Interior city of Fairbanks along the historic river. History is a growth industry: There are two trolley companies, two ghost tours, a walking tour, kayak tours on the placid Galena River, even a scooter tour to a country vineyard. Guest speakers included Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. He departed with militia for Springfield, hoping for a commission in the regular army. 1978-Reconstruction on the Coatsworth Building was begun. History. The river is part of the Driftless Area of Illinois and Wisconsin. 1839-Dredging began on the Fever River as the silting problem worsened-a result of soil erosion caused by mining, excessive cutting of trees for smelters and steamboats, and farming. Galena was once the home of Ulysses S. Grant, and today guests can tour his old residence and steep themselves in American history. The short-lived Winnebago Indian uprising in southern Wisconsin sent many miners and farmers to Galena for protection. The City of Galena, Alaska was established in 1918 as a supply and trans-shipment point for lead ore (galena) mining prospects south of the Yukon River. The river rises in Lafayette County, Wisconsin, south of Benton and southwest of Shullsburg. The first boatload of lead ore was shipped down the Fever and Mississippi Rivers by Col. George Davenport, after whom Davenport, Iowa is named. Reconstruction began immediately and portions of the new facility were opened by August. 1822-The first mining lease was granted by the federal government to Col. James Johnson, who brought 20 white miners and perhaps 50 slaves from Kentucky to work his claim. Construction began on Galena Square. James Jones begins publishing the first newspaper in the Region, the Miner’s Journal. Miners and traders flocked to the Point. Jo Daviess County was introduced to unlimited stakes riverboat gambling aboard the Silver Eagle Casino, docked at Frentress Lake, just west of Galena near East Dubuque. 1911-A tornado caused severe damage to the roof of the Grant Home. It is one of the oldest buildings still standing in Galena. It became the home of Ulysses S. Grant in 1865 and is now the Grant Home State Historic Site. Gaslights lined the streets and the Marine Hospital was completed along the Galena River. Chicago, Illinois 6 contributions. About 100 men came up the river from St. Louis to work the Fever River mines. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. 1844-Jo Daviess County courthouse on Bench Street, begun in 1839, was completed. Galena's political history is among the most significant in the State of Illinois. 1846-The Market House opened for business. A 581-acre (235 ha) section of the city is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Galena Historic District. Galena is the largest city in and the county seat of Jo Daviess County, Illinois, with a population of 3,429 at the 2010 census. “Galena tours is a must have app for tourism and home town history. 1869-The Women’s Suffrage Convention was held in Galena, organized by Sarah Coates Harris, wife of retired captain Daniel Smith Harris. 1827-Jo Daviess County organized; it was named after a Kentucky lawyer and militia officer who fell at the head of his troops at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811 in Indiana. The Koyukon Athabascans had seasonal camps in the area and moved as the wild game migrated. All reviews beautiful house period pieces galena river great history tiffany jones chandeliers architecture steamboat homes. The location was on the site of a former Athabaskan fish camp recorded in the 1880 Census map as Natulaten. Established in 1826, the city of Galena was named after a rare mineral formed from lead sulfide. Ordinances now prohibit buildings constructed of wood in the downtown area. The Winnebago Indians resisted at Johnson’s landing, insisting they had not ceded the land to the United States, as had the Sauk and Fox Tribes. The history of the area runs as deep as the ore veins in the mines nearby. Because of siltation, the river channel continued to decrease in size while intensity and frequency of floods increased. The Winnebago War of 1827, also known as the "Fevre River War", is associated with this river. This left mapmakers in Wisconsin confused…to this day. 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